Print this PDF if you want a hard copy for reference: BCC Riding Notes v08.pdf
Cycling throughout the year can be about casual riding, sprinting, spinning, big-ring hammerfests, achieving personal goals and making new friends that share your enthusiasm for this wonderful sport. BCC embraces this philosophy and, as a result, has grown into a successful club that accommodates riders at almost all skill and fitness levels. Everyone is welcomed and encouraged to participate and have fun without the fear of “not fitting in.”
Members are required to be able to manage an Average Speed of 25kph.
This document was developed with the vision to ensure that BCC members have fun, enjoy their rides with the club and are safe. To accomplish this all members are required to read this document to ensure that they are aware of the basic rules of riding with BCC.
Should anyone have any questions regarding the content of this document, please don’t hesitate to ask the ride marshals, email Daniel Yang or post your question on the BCC’s Blog.
BCC recognizes that cycling has an element of risk that may result in personal injury. BCC strongly supports the philosophy that all members must embrace and act in accordance with the belief in personal responsibility for their own actions and subsequent consequences. You are ultimately responsible for your own safety and well being when participating in BCC events.
It is BCC’s concept to ride in groups. It is your responsibility to ride within your own level of ability and with the appropriate group based upon your ability. BCC will ensure that each group will have a ride marshal(s) to assist and explain the rules described in this document.
There is no support on our rides and each member is required to ensure his/her bike is in good working order and have the skills and resources (pump, spare tube, tools, etc.) necessary to change a flat tyre or any other minor mechanical that may happen on route. Each member is also responsible for familiarizing themselves with the route (route maps will be posted on BCC’s Blog). Usually someone (one of the more experienced club riders or a marshal) from the group will stay with an individual who, for whatever reason, finds it impossible to maintain the pace set by the group they are with.
Membership Fees and Insurance
The Club Membership Fee is $60* - Cost is Strictly for the Website hosting, maintenance and route planning etc. This membership lasts a Full 12 Months from your original Sign-Up date.
*NOTE - Since the exchange rate is so horrible and the site platform is US Based, you can just ETF me at email@example.com the $60 CAD this will work out better for everyone!
OCA Membership(Includes Liability insurance) is required but Not Included in the Website Membership Fee($60USD) - Full 12 Months from Sign up Date. Insurance coverage will be completed on a separate site and you will be requested to purchase OCA Membership(Liability insurance) directly for their Site. Cost for OCA affiliated "Competitive Club" insurance is $40(See attached screenshot). This coverage ends at the end of the calendar year regardless of when you sign up in the year.
TOTAL COST TO JOIN FOR THE SEASON: $100($60+$40)
Looks like this:
*Exception - OCA Licensed BCC Racers - Complimentary Club Membership.
BCC Framework - The BCC Difference - CLICK HERE
***You Must Have Registered with the OCA and be covered under their insurance to Participate on a BCC Group Ride***
Here is the link: OCA Membership/Liability insurance(Sign-Up Link) Sign up for the OCA Membership Insurance - BCC is affiliated as a Sponsored Club.
You will receive an receipt via email. Please forward your proof of payment(POP) confirmation to me at: firstname.lastname@example.org for record keeping purposes - Thanks in advance for your co-operation.
Here is the link again: https://ccnbikes.com/#!/memberships/builder/oca-2016
***Note: You Must Have Registered with the OCA have an Affiliated Club Membership & Insurance to Participate on a BCC Group Ride***
If you would like to try a ride, Here is the link to the package: 2016-club-try-out-program-package.pdf. Please PRINT/SIGN and bring waiver to start of the ride. There will be a $5 Ride Fee. Bring both to the Ride and Leaders will collect at the start of the ride.
If you have any further questions, Please e-mail me at email@example.com
Waivers must be signed by all those participating in club rides, even if riding on a trial basis. Those who do not sign a waiver will not be permitted to ride with BCC. Those who wish to ride on a trial basis, a flat fee of $5 is charged (paid to one of the marshals). Should you decide to join BCC, the $5 will go towards your club fee.
Rules to observe while riding in a group:
The following list of rules and considerations is intend as a guideline for conducting oneself when riding (whether alone or in a group). This document may be updated at any point. BCC members will be notified via the Blog of any updates.
• Always be aware of your surroundings. Scan left, centre and right. Look ahead for changes in the road and activity in front of you. Listen to what is happening around you. This is why we ask that MP3 players/cell phones not be used on BCC rides.
• Awareness is your greatest asset when riding in traffic situations. Try to anticipate what drivers are going to do. Eye contact is very important, as is visibility. Constantly check what's going on around you and stay focused on what you're doing.
• Do NOT look over your shoulder unless leading the peleton. If you are located anywhere else in the peleton, you risk touching wheels with the bike in front and losing control.
• Signal your intentions to the riders behind you. Learn the signals used by the group you ride with. If you don’t know the signals, ask.
• Concentrate on riding in a straight line. Practice (see Riding Skills for BCC Members – on the Blog) so that you can look behind (only if leading the peleton), to the left and to the right without moving off a straight line.
• Maintain safe, even spacing in the group. Try to avoid riding too close to the person in front of you or drifting off.
• Keep abreast of the rider next to you when in two lines. Do not drift back; this will cause the line to extend.
• Do not “half wheel” (overlap your front wheel with the rear wheel of the bike in front of you) as you may touch and lose control.
• “Call out” hazards (left/right/middle) such as potholes, sticks, glass, etc as soon as you see them.
• The last wheel (last rider in the group) should be aware of cars trying to pass. Calling out “car back” will alert the group to the presence of a car(s) approaching from the back of the peleton that are trying to pass. Calling "car up" should also be done when the situation warrants it; mainly when the peleton is on single lane road and is spreading out a little too much. The on coming car can not be seen.
• Brake gently, not sharply and call out “slowing” if necessary. Sometimes not pedalling or “soft pedalling” will be enough to slow you down. Sit up to slow down (also shows people behind you what is going on). Also call out “standing”, when you are going to stand.
• Stop and wait to assist riders who flat or experience a “mechanical” or who get dropped.
• Obey ALL road rules, lights, crossing, stops, etc… Under the provincial Highway Traffic Act, we are considered a vehicle and are bound by the rules within the Act.
• It is legal to ride two abreast but common sense dictates that in some circumstances, single file is safer.
• Use your left hand to grab stuff out of jersey pockets or reaching for the water bottle while maintaining a grip with the right hand. This ensures that in the event you need to stop quickly you will not unintentionally perform an endo (the rear brake lever is on the right side of your handle bars).
• No eating or drinking in a tight pack (causes you to slow and potentially create an unsafe situation for you and the riders around you) Instead, safely drop to the back of the peleton and enjoy your intake of food and/or drink knowing that you are doing so safely.
• The same is true should you need to adjust or change your riding gear or address a mechanical problem – move safely to the back of the peleton. If you need to stop, let another rider know so you don't get unintentionally dropped.
• Occasionally you may be troubled by other riders who don’t hold their line, stop unexpectedly, or are generally squirrelly. Don’t ignore this; often it is just a matter of education. Please talk to the rider in a polite way, asking him/her to refrain from the problem behaviour. If you are reluctant to do this, ask one of the ride marshals to handle the problem. If you are approached to discuss your riding style, don’t take it personally, but rather use it as an opportunity to improve your riding skills. Remember safety is everyone’s concern!
BCC's Code of Conduct
Be accountable for your actions on the bike. Try to remember that as the peleton rolls down a road with members wearing BBC kits, you and all the other members essentially become a travelling billboard. Your actions on the bike (rude gestures, foul language, littering, poor lane changes, etc…) can either reinforce the negative impressions some have of cyclists or demonstrate the respect we have for all who use the road. Remember that when you mount a bike and start riding, either alone or in a group, you are an ambassador of the sport and you will be judge by your actions.
Drafting – Acquiring a position close behind a rider to take advantage of the slipstream. This results in a reduction of wind resistant and effort by the drafting cyclist to maintain their speed. Less effort mains energy conserved.
Drifting off – When a rider begins to ride off course (no longer following the line set by the peleton) when compared to the rest of the riders.
Dropped – not being able to maintain the pace of the group you are with resulting in falling behind the group.
Endo – catapulting over the handles as a result of using too much front brake too quickly. It is important to note that 70% of your stopping power comes from the front brakes Half Wheel – the overlap created when the front wheel of one bike over laps with the rear wheel of the bike in front. Creates a dangerous situation should the two wheels rub together.
Hammerfests – when riders, for no good reason (other than to hurt each other), increase the speed of the peleton. This is usually done near the end or mid break of a ride (race to the finish).
Kits – the clothing that a cyclist wears. Clubs and teams usually have kits developed so that they are easily identifiable and it looks quite smashing to see a large group of riders all wearing the same clothing.
Marshal – For BCC, a marshal is a volunteer who has been with the club for several years and will assist with club rides. Marshals will ensure that all members in the group are practicing the rules and riding etiquette explained in this document. In the event that a participant is displaying a riding style that endangers themselves and the members in the group, a marshal will speak to the individual. Marshals will also assist riders who are having trouble maintaining the pace of the peleton and help with mechanical problems. Marshals can be identified by the arm band they wear.
Mechanical – The bike is not operating properly due to a mechanical malfunction.
Pace – The set speed of the peleton.
Pack – a group of cyclists (another word for peleton).
Peleton – the group of riders
Saddle - also known as the seat
Soft Pedaling – This is a techniques employed by cyclists when they want to keep their legs moving but not add to the effort. In other words, they are spinning but the pedaling force to the drive train (adds nothing to the momentum of the bike.)
Squirrelly – aberrant riding style or behaviour of a cyclist that places the members in the peleton at risk.
Print this PDF if you want a hard copy for reference: BCC Riding Notes v08.pdf
Group Riding Revisited:
Check this out: Courtesy of RoadBikeRider; Sourced By Greg. ---Find the right group. Ideally, it won't be more than 15% too fast or too slow for your present fitness. A big group may need to be split into 2 or 3 smaller ones to accommodate everyone. Pro teams routinely do this in early-season training. The faster group contains riders peaking for the spring classics; the slower one is looking at races later in the season. ---Follow the leader. Every group needs a rider who sets the rules and politely sees that they're followed. Here's a key one: "No one will be dropped except on hills, and then we'll ride easy till everyone is back on." ---Designate the tow trucks. The strongest riders should pull the group together if it splits. For example, the group hits a headwind and 3 riders are dangling at 50 meters. The group slows and 2 strong guys drop back to tow the dropped riders into contact. ---Do more work. If you're a relatively strong rider, get a good workout by spending more time at the front, which gives others a helpful draft. Or, ride to the side of the group in the wind instead of drafting. Help weaker riders up a tough hill with a hand on the small of their back. (Ask first if it's okay.) ---Do less work. If you're concerned about the ride's speed or distance, don't pull at the front. If you do, take very short turns. Get maximum draft. Climb at your own pace on hills. You don't have to go anaerobic trying to stay in contact when you know the group will slow or provide a tow.
Cycling is a sport that you can enjoy alone or in a group. Riding safely in a group requires adherence to certain rules and skills.
1. Be predictable — This may be the most important rule (even for solo riding) and it involves every aspect of riding from changing positions in the group to
following traffic rules. All the other rules support this one. Smooth
predictable riding isn’t just a matter of style...here the word
survival comes to mind! If unpredictability is the only predictable
part of your riding style, you are a hazard to yourself and everyone
else who has the misfortune to ride with you. Have you ever been on a
ride where the group stops at an intersection and people scatter all
over the lane? Some going through on the wrong side of the road and
others turning left from the right side? Some running the stop sign and
others doing it right? It’s confusing and irritating to drivers of
vehicles as they approach a situation where cyclists are going in all
different directions or just blowing through stops! Part of being
predictable is riding within the rules of the road as a vehicle. Groups
should maintain integrity when approaching intersections. That means
staying in the correct lane, stopping together, and starting together
as traffic allows. It goes without saying that if we demand the right
to ride on the road, then we must be willing to ride
responsibly...especially as a group.
2. Don’t Overlap Wheels — This habit will get you in real trouble. This is a good way to test your ability to do cartwheels if you don't adhere to this rule. Some
people do it from lack of concentration, others may just not know any
better, but sooner or later they'll crash. There is no recovery from a
front wheel deflection. All it takes is for the person in front to
move sideways a few inches...if someone is overlapping his wheel, that
someone will go down along with practically everyone who is behind
him. Many times the person in front can recover, but not the people
3. Be Steady — This includes speed and line. If the person behind you fails to adhere
to #2, you will contribute to a crash if you wallow around all over the
road. When everyone is working for the group, maintain a steady speed
as you go to the front. Ever notice how easy it is to ride behind some
folks? If you take note of their riding style you’ll probably notice
they don’t yo-yo around in the pack. They are rock steady. When they
take the lead, they don't accelerate. If they are strong enough to
accelerate the group, they do it after the previous pull has rejoined
the rear of the group and then only gradually so as to not string out
the pack. When they are leading, they ride a straight line and their
speed will be constant with the conditions. What a joy to ride with
someone like this. Sometimes steady doesn’t just mean speed. It means
steady pressure on the pedals…uphill or downhill, headwind or tailwind.
When you are following someone like this, life is good! When they are
following, they don’t make sudden moves or they know how to control
their spacing by using their body position instead of using the brakes.
Sudden braking will set off general alarms from everyone in the rear
and make you very unpopular. If you do use the brakes, feather the
front brake only and keep pedaling against the resistance. This allows
you to moderate your speed without disturbing trailing riders
4. Announce Hazards — When you are in the lead, you are responsible for the safety of everyone behind you. You will become very unpopular very quickly if
people behind you keep bouncing off of potholes, running over rocks, or
reacting to unsafe traffic situations that you fail to point out. You
need to be very vocal when approaching intersections, slowing,
stopping, or turning and all actions should be smooth and deliberate.
Sudden, unannounced actions will throw terror into any peloton. When at
the front ALWAYS be looking up the road to anticipate traffic signals
changing. There are only two calls you should make to announce your
intention. ‘Roll It’ if you are going to proceed on the yellow light
and ‘Light Up’ if you plan to stop. These two cannot be confused and
are clear. A STOP sign should invoke a call of ‘Slowing’ as you near
the sign(riders in the back might not be aware of an approaching sign)
and then ‘Stopping’. Riders in the pack should relay these warnings to
the rear. When you are following, announce oncoming traffic from the
rear…in this case others should relay this info toward the front.
5. Signal — Signaling lets everyone (vehicles and riders) know your intentions…remember #1? This makes you predictable. Also, it’s a good
idea to make eye contact with oncoming traffic at intersections. One
note here, use your right arm straight out to signal a right turn. It’s
uncool to stick out your left bent arm to signal a right turn; more
importantly, it’s impracticable and ineffective. In a big group combine
this with a loud vocal warning of your intentions.
6. Don’t Fixate — If you are staring at something (i.e., the wheel in front of you), eventually you’ll hit it! When you walk in a crowd, you don’t stare at
the back of the person in front of you…so you shouldn’t ride like that
either. Learn to be comfortable looking around or through the riders
ahead of you. This will allow you to see things that are developing in
front of the group. With a little practice you will be able to "sense"
how far you are off the wheel in front of you.
7. Stay Off Aero Bars — This shouldn’t require much discussion. They are much too unstable to be used in a group ride. Plus, you don't need to be on aero bars if you
are in a pack as you will receive more aerodynamic effect from the
other riders anyway. Never, never, never when you are
within the group or following a wheel. I know there are some people,
usually triathletes, who are more comfortable on the bars. But, sooner
or later, steering with your elbows in a group will add new meaning to
the term "lunch on the road." Plus, it really tics off those behind you
when you go down in a pack! Use aero bars for what they are meant
for...solo fast riding.
8. Don’t Leave Stragglers — If you get separated at intersections, as a matter of courtesy, the lead group should soft pedal until the rest have rejoined. Another note
here is that if you are the one who will be caught by the light, don't
run the red light to maintain contact. If they don't wait for you to
catch up, you may not want to be riding with them anyway. Also as a
courtesy to those who may not be able to stay with the group, the pack
should wait at certain points along the route to regroup. Especially,
at turn points and if the stragglers don’t know the route. Now
obviously this is not applicable during a race but we're not talking
about a race...No one should be left alone on a group ride. If you
don't adhere to this rule, your "group" will get smaller each week
until you're riding solo.
9. Know Your Limitations — If you’re not strong enough or too tired to take a turn at the front, stay near the back and let the stronger cyclists pull in front of you
instead of making them go to the back of the line. Unless they are a
complete...well you know...they will appreciate that more than having
to get past you to get back to the front. Plus, it strokes the animal's
ego as you admit that he/she is the stronger rider. Another point here,
don’t pull at the front faster and longer than you have energy to get
back in at the rear (Remember, your "pull" isn't over until you are
back in the rotation). I've seen this scenario many times, it comes
"biker wannabe's" time to take his/her pull and the pace is getting up
there. The thoughts running through his/her mind is, "I need to show
these guys that I can pull 2 mph faster than everyone else has been
pulling." They go to the front and hammer. Legs begin to burn after a
monumental pull...now it's time to pull over and let some "lesser"
rider take a turn. Well, the "lesser" biker is all refreshed after
tagging on a wheel and is ready to punch it up another notch. It's
bye-bye to the first rider as he/she gets blown off the back...toast!
Testosterone and ego is a volatile mix (even for you females) and it
can get you dropped in a heartbeat.
10. Change Positions Correctly — A common beginner faux pas is to stop pedaling just before pulling off the front. This creates an accordion effect toward the rear. Keep a
steady pressure on the pedals until you have cleared the front. After
pulling off, soft pedal and let the group pull through. As the last
couple riders are passing through, begin to apply more pressure to
smoothly take your position at the rear. If you don’t time it
correctly, you’ll create a gap and have to sprint to get back on. A
technique used to reenter the line is to move your bike sideways first
then your body. Try it. It will feel awkward at first, but it is the
safest way to move within a group. It's just a small subtle move not an
exaggerated one. If you lean your body first and misjudge the speed or
the person in front of you slows down, you’ll touch wheels and be
leaning the wrong way…bad situation! If you move the bike first, you
will have a chance to pull it back.
11. Climbing — Ever been behind someone when they stood up going up hill and all of a sudden you were all over them? If you need to stand, shift up a gear
compensate for the slower cadence and stand up smoothly keeping a
steady pressure on the pedals. This will keep you from moving backward
relative to the rider behind you. Apply the opposite technique when
changing to a sitting position. Downshift and keep a steady pressure on
the pedals to avoid abrupt changes in speed. It takes a little
practice, but your riding buddies will be glad you spent the time
learning how to do it right.
12. Descending — The leader must overcome a much greater wind resistance as the speed increases. If you are leading, keep pedaling. If you don’t, everyone
behind you will eat your lunch. Riders to the rear will accelerate
faster downhill as drafting becomes more effective at the higher
speeds. If you are following, back off a couple of bike lengths to
compensate for the greater affects of drafting. If you are closing on
the rider in front, sit up and let the wind slow you or use light
braking to maintain spacing, but in both cases you should keep pedaling
against the resistance. Keeping your legs moving not only makes it
easier to keep the spacing, but also helps the legs get rid of the acid
build up from the previous climb.
13. Relax — This one is really important. It will allow you to be smooth and responsive. You can bet that if you see someone who is riding a
straight line and is very steady, he/she is relaxed on the bike. It
not only saves energy, but it makes bike handling much more effective.
Anytime you are riding in close proximity of other riders there's
always the chance that you may come into contact. If you have tense
arms and get bumped from the side, the shock will go directly to the
front wheel and you will swerve, possibly lose control, and possibly
cause a massive pile up. If you are relaxed, it's much easier to absorb
the bump without losing control. A good exercise is to go to a grassy
field (which is softer than pavement if you fall) with a friend and
ride slowly side by side. Relax your arms and lightly bump each other
using your relaxed elbows to absorb the (light) impact. You will become
familiar with how to safely recover from that type of contact. It may
save you some road rash someday.
You quickly become a valued member of the group if you practice good, safe riding techniques. Riding in a group can be fun
and exhilarating…it can also be safe if everyone knows and follows the